Health

What Is Brain Fog and How Can I Treat It?


Dr Joanna Hellmuth, a neuroscientist at the University of California, San Francisco, said: “But because brain fog can show up in so many different ways and because it has so many different causes, the tests are good. Diagnostic tests have their limitations, she added.

Sometimes, brain fog can be difficult to diagnose because it is caused by a number of different factors, even for a patient with a common condition. For example, someone with lupus or multiple sclerosis, may experience cognitive decline due to direct damage to their brain cells – but they may also not get enough sleep, may experience extreme fatigue. or are taking medications that cause brain fog.

Unlike lupus and multiple sclerosis, direct damage to brain cells is extensive rarer in Covid-19. But the brains of some patients exhibit dysregulation in the endothelial cells, which make up blood vessels in the brain. This could lead to a more permeable blood-brain barrier that allows harmful substances to pass through the brain and alter cognitive function, Dr. Hellmuth said.

Researchers are finding that the cause of brain fog is more common in Covid patients, as well as those already infected with other viruses such as HIV and Ebola, and even those experiencing through cancer chemotherapy, is inflammation – a strong and unwarranted increase in immunity. -Cellular activities can be devastating – in the brain and body. Studies show that patients with persistent cognitive decline after taking Covid-19 have lower levels of markers of inflammation in their blood and cerebrospinal fluid. “We’re just seeing a new virus that creates the same old problem,” said Dr Avindra Nath, clinical director at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Even if doctors can’t figure out the physical cause of your brain fog, you can take steps to get it under control, Dr. Hellmuth said. Start with short-term adaptive strategies for managing day-to-day tasks. Write notes and set alarms so you don’t miss appointments. Take frequent breaks during long projects so you can stay focused and complete the task better. You can also try tracking your daily activities, using an app on your phone or just a notebook to find out what time of day you feel most energetic and alert. Then, spend this time doing more difficult or complex tasks.

Your healthcare provider may also recommend making lifestyle changes to improve your overall health and energy. “We try to encourage cardiovascular exercise, a good diet, good sleep and social activities that are good for the brain,” says Dr Hellmuth.



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