The queen is dead, long live the king.
Buckingham Palace announced that Queen Elizabeth II died on September 8, 2022, marking the end of a 70-year reign that lasted from 1952. She ruled through decolonization movements around the world, the collapse of her marriage of the eldest son Charles and the late Princess Diana. COVID-19 pandemic and more.
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Her death means that Charles is now the reigning monarch, and he will be known as King Charles III.
But he is yet to be crowned, and there is a process for what happens next. Here is how it works.
Did Charles automatically become King?
According to the Royal Family’s website, heirs inherit the throne “immediately after the death of their predecessor”. Their succession to the throne begins automatically, effectively – but some things still have to happen as part of the formalization of their taking on that role.
First, an body known as the Accession Council gathers at St James’s Palace, usually within 24 hours of the king’s death.
This Council consists of all the members of the Privy Council, as well as the great officials of State, the Mayor and guards of the City of London, the high commissioners and a number of high-ranking civil servants, according to the UK Privy Council Office.
Canada’s current High Commissioner is former Liberal Cabinet Minister and longtime MP Ralph Goodale, who was appointed to the role in April 2021.
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Once those are gathered and a proclamation is issued declaring Charles as King, he will read a proclamation and also take an oath known as the “declaration of accession”.
This is the oath in which the British monarchs swear that they are Protestant – an important claim to the throne of British royals since Settlement Act in 1701. It will read:
“I, Charles, do solemnly and sincerely in the presence of God, testify and declare that I am a staunch Protestant, and that I will, according to the true intention of of the statutes guaranteeing the Protestant succession to my Throne. Realm, uphold and uphold the said provisions to the best of my ability under the law. “
The claim for Protestant English kings and queens arose due to civil anarchy and religious turmoil in Great Britain following the separation of King Henry VIII from Rome in 1533.
He broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and made himself head of the Church of England, but in the century and a half that followed, the country was reeling back under queens and pro-German kings. old beliefs or new beliefs, leading to political and social unrest.
The Act of Settlement proclaimed in 1701 put the matter back by declaring that all kings and queens of England must be Protestant, which has been maintained ever since.
According to the Royal Family’s website, that oath is usually taken in Parliament and doesn’t happen immediately – in the case of Queen Elizabeth II, her accession announcement came nine months after she was appointed. proclaimed queen, after the death of her father.
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While King George VI died on 6 February 1952, the new queen was proclaimed by the member states of the Commonwealth days later.
In Canada, it happened the same day through a statement from the Queen’s Privy Council read in both English and French at Rideau Hall. In Australia and New Zealand, their governors-general read their statements on February 7 and 11, respectively.
However, the first reading of the manifesto is always done at St. James in London.
How about coronation?
Although the succession to Charles is automatic, the actual coronation – or coronation – of a new king traditionally does not take place immediately.
Queen Elizabeth’s death, as has been the case with other British monarchs, will usher in a 12-day period of official mourning, after which remains generally a period of gloom with a serious national mood. . Coronation ceremonies usually don’t take place until this period is over, usually after a period of “several months”. by Royal.
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In the case of Queen Elizabeth II, although she became queen on 6 February 1952, she was not actually crowned until June 1953 – both out of respect and because of the planning process. It took a long time to organize the coronation ceremony.
They usually take months to plan, but have taken place at Westminster Abbey in London since the Norman Conquest of 1066.
During the coronation, the monarchs sat on the chair of St. Edward, Crafted in 1300.
The crown of St. Edward was then placed on the head of the monarch. It is made of solid gold, weighs over 4 pounds and dates from 1661.
The the last piece of kingship would be the orb, “a golden sphere surrounded by a cross surrounded by a band of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires, and pearls with a large amethyst at the top,” also like the coronation ring, known as the “British wedding ring.”
Like Royal Notesthe coronation ceremony “remains essentially the same for over a thousand years.”
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