New study finds the minimum blood sugar levels to avoid diabetes. Details here

A new study has revealed the minimum blood glucose levels needed to avoid diabetes-related health complications. It’s well known that long-term blood sugar levels, known as HbA1c, can be used to accurately predict a person’s risk of type 1 diabetes developing eye and kidney problems, new research claims. that this level should be less than 53 mmol. /mol (7%). Notably, the study followed people for more than 30 years after they were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, and the results were published in Diabetes Care, according to the news agency ANI report.

Controlling blood sugar helps reduce the risk of diabetes:

Research indicates that people with diabetes can have damage to small blood vessels in various organs. Although the reason for this is unclear, it has been known since the 1990s that good control blood sugar degree to reduce the risk of complications. However, it is not known what long-term sugar, HbA1c levels people with type 1 diabetes should have to avoid serious damage to blood vessels in the eyes and kidneys.

“Our study pinpoints long-term sugar levels that can avoid complications,” said Hans Arnqvist, professor emeritus at Linkoping University and lead researcher. This knowledge can increase a person’s motivation to keep their blood sugar under control. “

The researchers in the current study, called VISS (Vavascular Complications in South-Eastern Sweden), followed all children and adults under the age of 35 who developed type 1 diabetes for a period of time. 1983-1987, and those receiving care at the Southeastern Regional Health Care Institute of Sweden. All 447 newly diagnosed people in the region during this period were included in the study. The researchers monitored the patients’ HbA1c values, which reflect their average blood sugar levels over a longer period of time. They also tracked the development of eye and kidney damage in these patients between 32 and 36 years after diagnosis. ANI report.

The small blood vessels in the eye are especially vulnerable in type 1 diabetes. Nearly all patients experience minor eye bleeding that does not affect vision. In some cases, new blood vessels develop in the retina. The latter is known as ‘proliferative retinopathy and can lead to blindness. Another effect of diabetes involves the area known as the ‘macular’ of the retina, where vision is highly focused. Damage here leads to blurred vision. The kidneys are not as sensitive to high blood sugar as the eyes, but the small blood vessels that are important here can also be damaged. One consequence of such damage is the excretion of blood proteins in the urine.

Blood glucose levels in a healthy person are very tightly controlled, with a maximum HbA1c level of 42 mmol/mol (6.0%). “The results of our study suggest that people who have had type 1 diabetes for at least 32 years should keep their long-term average sugar levels below 53 mmol/mol (7.0%) if they want to completely avoid it.” serious eye damage – and kidney complications increase as levels increase.Our conclusion concerns the avoidance of complications arising from vascular damage.But what if a patient has problems with low blood sugar, hypoglycemia, it is not possible to control blood glucose levels strictly,” said Hans Arnqvist.

(With input from ANI)

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