Health

New research highlights role of drug and alcohol use in serious crashes


Drunk driving

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Every year, many people look forward to welcoming the new year with family and friends. However, some celebrations include a combination of alcohol and late-night driving—which can lead to fatal accidents.

According to Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), from 2008 to 2012, January 1 had the highest rate of alcohol-related driving deaths compared to other days and holidays.

To raise awareness of the dangers of driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of the US Department of Transportation has released the results of the A new study on drugs and drugs. alcohol use by road users involved in serious and fatal accidents.

The study takes a closer look at the role of alcohol and drug use in serious and fatal crashes. Seven levels 1 trauma center across the country participating in the study, including the UC Davis Medical Center. Every trauma center examine blood results from a large number of drivers, cyclists and pedestrians involved in serious accidents and Deadly accident. Samples were assessed for alcohol and drugs, including legal, prescription, and illegal drugs.

“We often see the negative effects of drugs and alcohol on traffic safety,” said James Chenoweth, director of toxicology research and associate professor of emergency medicine who co-invested in the study. Road. “We are proud to have participated in the NHTSA study because it highlights UC Davis’ commitment to public safety research and the role of substance use in motor vehicle crashes. “

From research:

  • 56% were seriously injured or died Participants traffic test positive for alcohol or certain drugs known to have the potential to cause adverse effects.
  • The presence of cannabinoids, such as those found in cannabis (25%) and alcohol (23%) was most common, followed by stimulants (11%) and opioids (9%).
  • The presence of two or more drugs was reported in 18% of severe injuries and 32% of deaths.

“Research shows higher rates of drug and alcohol use in crashes that result in driver death,” explains Chenoweth. “To prevent unnecessary tragedies, we urge everyone to plan ahead, especially when celebrating holidays. Avoid collisions by always driving sober, appointing a driver. stay awake, use public transport, or call a taxi or ride-hailing service to make sure everyone gets home safely.”

More information:
Learn: Prevalence of alcohol and drug use among road users with serious injury or death

quote: New research highlighting the role of drug and alcohol use in severe crashes (2022, December 28) retrieved December 29, 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news /2022-12-highlights-role-drug-alcohol.html

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