Health

Monkeypox, Dengue and More: An Outbreak in India


Cases of Covid-19 started increasing in India earlier this month again. At the same time, diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and the much talked about monkeypox, in addition to swine flu, have also seen an increase, putting health authorities across the country on alert.

The epidemic is becoming rampant and now with minimal restrictions on travel, transmission is also likely to be higher.

Let’s take a look at the outbreaks in India to recognize, prevent and watch out for:

1. Covid-19

Covid-19 or Coronavirus turned the world upside down. Even three years on from its global outbreak, it seems unstoppable. The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes coronavirus disease, which can cause mild to moderate or even extremely severe respiratory illness. Fever, cough, exhaustion, sore throat, headache, aches and pains, diarrhea, skin rash, and red or itchy eyes are typical symptoms of coronavirus. Shortness of breath, loss of voice or movement, disorientation and chest discomfort are among the worst symptoms of the disease.

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Keep that mask on! Courteous image; Shutterstock

2. Monkey smallpox

More than 16,000 cases of monkeypox have been reported in countries that have never seen smallpox. India has also reported four cases of monkeypox, naturally raising concerns. The disease is uncommon but can be quite dangerous. Its symptoms include fever, chills, cold, cough, headache, body aches, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, chills, and a rash that looks like pimples. Even the World Health Organization has declared monkeypox a global health emergency.

3. Tomato sauce

Kerala, where three cases of smallpox have been reported, is also where ketchup, or tomato flu, was first found in India. A group of children were affected by the condition, which then spread to other states. Also known as hand, foot and mouth disease, the disease causes dehydration, rashes, and skin problems. Fever and fatigue are its other symptoms. The red bumps are why it’s called ketchup.

Also, read: As ketchup spreads in India, here’s how to protect your kids

4. Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is an infection that humans can contract through an infected mosquito. A mosquito-borne brain infection transmitted from pigs to humans. It usually presents with severe headache, high fever, unconsciousness, tremors, convulsions, and confusion. In India, Assam is experiencing a daily increase in Japanese Encephalitis cases. Each year during the monsoon, the condition causes death, and so far in 2022, has claimed the lives of 38 people.

5. Dengue fever

Dengue fever is one of the infamous mosquito-borne infectious diseases, commonly witnessed during the rainy season. It is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. There are two forms of dengue fever: dengue and common dengue (DHF). Dengue is a deadly disease similar to influenza, however dengue is a more severe variant of the disease that can be fatal.

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One mosquito bite can worry you for the rest of your life. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

High temperature, headache, rash, muscle aches and joint discomfort are some of the common symptoms of this condition. The number of dengue cases reported each day in many Indian states has increased. Pune, Telangana and Karnataka reported dengue cases.

6. Swine flu

The H1N1 virus is the cause of seasonal swine flu. In most cases, swine flu leads to pneumonia, and in the most severe cases, it can be fatal. High fever, sore throat, dry cough, headache, weakness and fatigue, cold hands and feet, diarrhea and vomiting are some of the symptoms of the disease. Children begin to show symptoms of swine flu after ten days, although adults usually don’t show symptoms until seven days have passed. There has been an increase in Swine Flu infections in some states, particularly in Maharashtra.

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