Health

Monkeypox: Asymptomatic spread of virus causes concern, study says


Recent findings of a study suggest that some cases of monkeypox remain undiagnosed due to the absence of symptoms. In such cases, testing and isolating individuals may not be sufficient to control the fatal spread.

Another study conducted in France adds that the practice of “after-ring exposure” vaccination Around people with symptoms, with possible or confirmed symptoms of monkeypox infection, may not be able to stop the spread.

monkey pox
Is vaccination enough to stop the spread of monkeypox? Image courtesy: Shutterstock

In the ring post-exposure strategy, vaccination is given to all persons who remain in close contact with a monkeypox-positive person. This usually includes friends and family.

Such findings, experts say, call for the need for high vigilance, surveillance and other strategies to assess risk and take preventive actions to limit outbreaks. .

In India, 10 cases have been reported so far.

monkey pox
10 cases of monkeypox virus infection have been reported in India. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

According to media reports, the global scope of the outbreak of many countries in 2022 monkeypox virus has exceeded the spread of any previous outbreak.

It is still unclear what is driving the epidemic – people without symptoms, or other undiagnosed infections.

What is monkeypox virus?

Monkeypox, as the name suggests, is a smallpox caused by a virus. It is a virus that is transmitted from animals to humans. Its symptoms are somewhat similar to those found in past smallpox patients. However, smallpox was eradicated in 1980 and after that, vaccination stopped. But the recent monkeypox outbreak has made it the most important helicopter virus for public health.

Initially, monkeypox was common in countries such as Central and West Africa, which were close to tropical rainforests. Now, however, we can clearly see it increasing in urban areas. A variety of rodents and non-human primates have animal hosts.

monkey pox
Monkeypox is a disease of animal origin. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Symptoms of monkeypox

Anyone infected with monkeypox is most likely to develop a rash on or near the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, or vagina) or anus (butthole). It can also occur on other areas such as the hands, feet, chest, face, or mouth.

The rash gets worse and goes through other stages, including crusting, before it heals.

Initially, the rash may resemble blisters or blisters and may be painful or itchy.

Other symptoms

* Fever
* Chills
* Swelling lymph nodes
* Tired
* Muscle or back pain
* Headache
* Respiratory problems such as sore throat, stuffy nose or cough

A person may have all or only a few symptoms. Some people may experience flu-related symptoms before the rash begins to appear.

While, for some people, the rash appears first followed by other symptoms.

Many others may just develop a rash.

How long do monkeypox symptoms last?

Symptoms of smallpox in monkeys usually begin to appear 3 weeks after being exposed to the virus. For people who are experiencing flu-like symptoms, a rash will usually begin to develop 1 or 4 days later.

Monkeypox symptoms remain active or contagious from the time symptoms begin until the rash has completely healed and all the scabs have disappeared to form a new layer of skin. The duration of monkeypox usually lasts 2-4 weeks.

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