Health

Know how to prevent heart disease in women over 40


The news that Haryana BJP leader, actress and former Bigg Boss contestant Sonali Phogat has died of a heart attack at the age of 42, once again draws attention to the growing heart health issues. get a raise. What are the reasons why women in their 40s are more prone to heart disease? Let’s find out together.

According to reports, Sonali Phogat died on August 23 in Goa, where she went to check out several locations to film a web series. She is said to have complained of discomfort in the morning but when her friend and her manager both advised her to go to the hospital, she refused. Soon after, she lost consciousness and was taken to hospital in Anjuna, where she was declared “dead”, according to police.

In the recent past, we have lost many celebrities to heart disease. To find out why this was happening, Health Shots contacted Dr Abhijit Joshi, Consultant Cardiologist, Manipal Hospital, Baner. He said, “Usually, risk of heart disease remains low unless a woman enters menopause in her 40s.”

heart problems in women
Women over 40 are more prone to cardiovascular diseases. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

A study published in the National Library of Medicine states that “of particular concern for India is not only the high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but also the impact of these diseases on the with a productive workforce of 35–65 years old. Cardiovascular diseases are increasing in Asian Indians 5–10 years earlier than in other populations around the world”.

Dr. Joshi compared heart conditions between men and women and said that the following menopause or after age 40, women develop coronary heart disease at a faster rate than men at age 40. In addition, other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure begin to affect women at that time.

“Trends are changing and women are at an earlier risk of heart disease than men. This is due to early diabetes, obesity, stress and insufficient physical activity. In some cases, diseases such as Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women increases the risk of heart attack, which men do not,” explains Dr.

pcos connected with heart problems
PCOS may increase the risk of heart disease in women. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Signs and symptoms of heart problems

According to Dr. Joshi, the following signs should be taken seriously

* Chest pain is the most common sign of heart problems and heart attacks. Although this sign is very common in men, it is possible that these symptoms may be latent in women and may go unnoticed. They experience symptoms that are often confused with those of other health conditions, leading to delayed treatment.

* Jaw pain, stomach problems, and dizziness, are more prominent heart attack symptoms in women.

* Women in their 40s should monitor important numbers such as blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, body mass index (BMI)and cholesterol.

Here are some ways to prevent heart disease in women:

1. If you have high blood pressure or Body Mass Index, you need to make fundamental improvements to your lifestyle. Change your diet, exercise regularly, get enough sleep or take medicine in time to lower your blood pressure or cholesterol, get regular check-ups and consult your doctor in case of any problems. any health issue.

heart disease prevention in women 40 and older
A healthy lifestyle is essential for women after 40! Image courtesy: Shutterstock

2. “Women should follow a diet rich in fiber and protein, moderate in carbs and low in fat, which will ensure the reversal of blockages in the heart arteries,” says Dr. Joshi. You should avoid excess salt and processed foods, and instead choose healthier alternatives like fresh fruits and vegetables with antioxidants and micronutrients.

3. To prevent any health condition, women must exercise regularly (even during pregnancy), meditate or pursue hobbies, follow a healthy diet, avoid alcohol and smoking and most importantly, regular health check-ups.

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