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India likely to see over 3 crore job losses due to severe heatwave by 2030: World Bank report


A World Bank report has an ominous warning for India and it only signals doom, as the report has stated that India will soon be one of the first countries to experience heatwaves. Severe heat will break the limits of human survivability.

Heat waves have increased globally over the past decade and continue to claim thousands of lives. Report titled “Climate investment opportunity in the Indian cooling sector” has said that India is experiencing higher temperatures that come earlier and stay longer.

The report will be published during the two-day “India Climate and Development Partners Meeting” hosted here by the World Bank in partnership with the government of Kerala.

What is the limit of human survivability?

The Limiting human survival mentions the rule of thumb that says humans can survive three minutes without air, three days without water, and three weeks without food, but there are always extraordinary cases—some people have lived up to nine days without water.

Heat wave in India 2022

In April 2022, India suffered a severe early spring heat wave that brought the temperature in New Delhi to 46 degrees Celsius.

“March saw a spike in temperatures, the hottest month on record,” the report said.

Impact of heat wave on Indian economy

The World Bank report warns that rising temperatures across India could jeopardize economic productivity. “Up to 75% of India’s workforce, or 380 million people, depends on workers exposed to high temperatures, sometimes working in temperatures that can be life-threatening. …To By 2030, India could account for 34 million of the projected 80 million global job losses due to heat stress related to productivity decline,” the report said.

India shows the impact of extreme heat exposure on hard labor among South Asian nations, with more than 101 billion hours lost each year.

Analysis by global management consulting firm, McKinsey & Company shows that job losses due to rising heat and humidity could cost 4.5% of India’s GDP – or $150-250 billion – in risk by the end of the decade.

Effects of heat waves on food and public health

India’s long term food security and public health security will depend on a reliable cold chain network. Transporting food and pharmaceutical goods across India requires a step-by-step cold chain refrigeration system.

“A single temperature error in the cruise can break the cold chain, spoil fresh produce and weaken the potency of vaccines. Only 4% of fresh produce in India is covered by these ingredients. cold-chain facilities, annual food losses are estimated at up to $13 billion,” the report said. speak.

It also noted that the world’s third largest pharmaceutical producer, before Covid-19, India lost about 20% of its temperature-sensitive medical products and 25% of vaccines due to cold chain failure. failure, resulting in losses of $313 million per year.

The World Bank report predicts

Predicting that heatwave conditions in India could break the limits of human survivability, it says the recent heatwave supports what many climate scientists have long warned about. to rising temperatures across South Asia.

“The G20 climate risk map also warns in 2021 that heatwaves across India are 25 times more likely to last by 2036-65 if carbon emissions remain high, as in the scenario IPCC worst-case emissions,” the report said.

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