India announces the Indus Waters Treaty

India and Pakistan signed the treaty in 1960 after nine years of negotiations.

New Delhi:
India, on 25 January, gave a notice to Pakistan regarding the amendment of the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) of September 1960 following Pakistan’s “zero tolerance” in the implementation of this treaty, sources said today.

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  1. Notice was sent to Islamabad through the respective Commissioners of Indus Waters, in accordance with the terms of the treaty. The sources said the action was necessary as Pakistan has refused to discuss and resolve the issue of India’s Kishenganga and Ratle Hydroelectric Projects for the past five years, despite India’s efforts.

  2. India is seeking amendments to the treaty to make it easier for Pakistan to enter intergovernmental negotiations within 90 days and remedy the ‘serious breach’ of the IWT. This process will also update IWT to incorporate lessons learned from the past 62 years.

  3. “India has always been a steadfast supporter and responsible partner in the implementation of IWT in writing and in spirit. However, Pakistan’s actions have adversely affected IWT regulations and implementation. implement them, and at the same time force India to give appropriate notice to amend the investor,” the source said.

  4. In 2015, Pakistan sought a neutral expert to review its technical objections to India’s Kishenganga and Ratle Hydroelectric Projects. However, it unilaterally withdrew the following year and proposed that an Arbitral Tribunal would hear its objections. The sources said the two simultaneous processes were contrary to the phased dispute settlement mechanism, adding that India subsequently made a separate request to refer the matter to an expert. neutral.

  5. “Starting two simultaneous processes for the same problem and their potential for inconsistent or contradictory results creates an unprecedented and legally unresolvable situation, risks endangering the IWT itself. The World Bank acknowledged this in 2016 and made the decision to “pause” initiating two parallel processes and asked India and Pakistan to find a way out. friendly,” the sources said.

  6. Government sources said that, despite India’s repeated efforts to find a direction on which both sides agree, Pakistan has refused to discuss the matter during the five Indus Commission meetings. Permanent from 2017 to 2022. In the face of Pakistan’s unwavering insistence, the World Bank recently initiated actions against them said both expert neutrality and the Arbitral Tribunal process.

  7. India and Pakistan signed the treaty in 1960 after nine years of negotiations, with the World Bank as a signatory to the treaty.

  8. The treaty sets out a mechanism for cooperation and information exchange between the two countries regarding the use of water bodies of some rivers. It gave control of the waters of three “eastern rivers” — Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej — to India, while controlling the waters of three “western rivers” — Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum – – to Pakistan. India has about 20% of the total water transported by the Indus system, while Pakistan has 80%.

  9. The treaty allows India to use the western river waters for limited irrigation purposes and unlimited uses for non-consumption purposes such as electricity generation, navigation, floating property, fish farming, etc. etc. The treaty sets forth detailed regulations for India in constructing projects on the river. West River.

  10. The Indus Water Treaty is considered one of the most successful water-sharing efforts in the world today.


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