India among top 10 nations with highest Type 1 diabetes prevalence: Report

According to a modeling study by the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology on September 21, of the 8.4 million people living with type 1 diabetes globally in 2021, India is in the top 10 countries with the highest prevalence. highest prevalence rates.

According to the researchers, this number is predicted to increase to 13.5-17.4 million people living with type 1 diabetes (T1D) by 2040.

Professor Graham Ogle of the University of Sydney said: “As the prevalence of T1D is projected to increase in all countries to 17.5 million cases by 2040, our results provide caution. reported significant negative impacts on society and the health care system”.

“There is an opportunity to save millions of lives in the coming decades by raising the standard of care for T1D and increasing awareness of the signs and symptoms of T1D to enable diagnostic rates,” says Ogle. 100% in all countries.

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Modeled against childhood, adolescent, and adult T1D prevalence in 97 countries, the data were collected over time data from 65 countries.

In addition, the researchers analyzed mortality data from 37 countries to predict T1D incidence, prevalence, and mortality in 2021 for 201 countries.

According to the study, the estimates were checked for accuracy against real-world prevalence data from 15 countries.

The model estimates that 8.4 million individuals worldwide are living with T1D by 2021. Of these 18% are under the age of 20, 64% are aged 20-59, and 19% are over 60.

Professor Dianna Magliano of Monash University said: “These findings have important implications for diagnosis, care models and peer support programmes.

“Such programs, in the countries where they exist, are almost exclusively designed and provided for children and adolescents with T1D,” said Magliano.

The top 10 countries with the highest estimated prevalence of T1D include the US, India, Brazil, China, Germany, UK, Russia, Canada, Saudi Arabia, and Spain, accounting for 5.08 million (60%) of global T1D cases, researchers say.

The researchers estimated that 21% of individuals with T1D lived in low-income countries (LICs) and lower and middle-income countries (LMICs), adding to the model’s estimates. shows that the global mortality rate from T1D is 175,000 in 2021.

They say of these, 35,000 or 20% are attributed to undiagnosed, of which 14,500 are in sub-Saharan Africa and 8,700 are in South Asia.

Additionally, the researchers estimate that an additional 3.1 million people will be alive in 2021 if they don’t die prematurely from suboptimal T1D care.

According to the researchers, the projected prevalence of T1D in 2040 given by the model is 13.5-17.5 million people, with the largest relative increases predicted to occur in LICs and LICs. LMIC.

Conservative estimates show a relative increase in the number of people living with T1D in 2040 compared to 2020 at 66%, they added.

With PTI input.

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