Health

Homicide is the leading cause of death among pregnant women in the US


pregnancy

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Experts in BMJ today.

Rebecca Lawn at the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues say the majority of these pregnancy-the murders involved were linked to a lethal combination of intimate partner violence and guns, and are completely preventable.

They argue that ending violence against men, including gun violencecan save the lives of hundreds of women and their unborn children in the United States each year, and is an urgent priority for the health and safety of women everywhere.

They explain that intimate partner violence is widespread worldwide, with one in three women reporting experience of intimate partner violence, including physical and sexual abuse. or psychological.

Reports show that the United States has a higher lifetime and past year rates of intimate partner violence than other high-income countries, and that homicides by an intimate partner in the United States are due to use weapons. Recent estimates indicate that firearms were used in 68% of homicides between 2008 and 2019, with black women significantly higher risk of being killed than white or Hispanic women.

Family homicide rates are also linked to gun ownership rates and state firearms laws, but the authors note that very few intimate partner abusers are ever convicted and many loopholes allow Gun access remains.

The recent dismantling of women reproductive rights in the United States, they say, brings more urgency to these problems. For example, forced reproduction, a common aspect of intimate partner violence, increases the risk of unintended pregnancy, while limiting access to abortion endangers women because of unintended pregnancies. Wanting can increase the risk in abusive relationships.

The researchers point out that pregnancy often increases women’s interactions with health care providers, providing opportunities for screening or other approaches to help women undergo or at risk of violence. They say such interventions can help prevent patterns of abuse that can lead to homicide or adverse health outcomes, but that efforts must be coupled with urgent work to reduce all all forms of violence against women.

Research to identify risk factors for homicide in pregnancy is also important for prevention efforts, they added, but better quality data is needed for further analyses.

All causes of maternal death are important; Tragically, the researchers write that pregnancy-related homicide is one of the preventable causes of maternal death. While the situation in the US is dire and deteriorating, they point out that intimate partner violence is the leading cause of death for women globally. End male violence, including guns violenceis therefore an urgent priority for the health and safety of women everywhere, they conclude.


Pregnancy-related homicides and suicides are often linked to mental health conditions and substance use disorders.


More information:
Homicide is the leading cause of death for pregnant women in the United States, BMJ (In 2022). DOI: 10.1136 / bmj.o2499

Quote: Homicide is the leading cause of death among pregnant women in the United States (2022, October 19) accessed October 19, 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-10 -homicide-death-pregnant-women.html

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