In his address to the high-level segment of the UN General Assembly, Sameh Hassan Shoukry Selim said that the world is at a historic moment of increasing polarization, where serious action and commitment are required. to multilateralism.
The fault lies with the UN system, he said, but with member states not respecting the Organization. He called on countries to recover and reform it, and urged them not to leave the process incomplete, so that the UN could better respond to challenges and meet the goals of its people.
Regarding Ukraine’s invasion of Russia, Mr. Selim warned that this has exacerbated the crisis caused by COVID-19 pandemic, leading to an increased burden on developing countries, especially in terms of growing public deficits.
Respect for sovereignty
Developed countries need to turn their debt holdings into joint investment projects, he said, which will “create more job opportunities and contribute to positive economic growth”.
Mr. Selim said there must be an international consensus without threats to nations or subversion of sovereignty. Current challenges threaten the very notion of states, he continued, leading to disrespect and weakening of State entities, allowing non-State terrorists to control their destiny. of countries.
Supporting global food security
Mr. Selim asserted that the food crisis facing Africa is the result of many years of failure to achieve its goals. Sustainable development goals (SDGs), especially those related to hunger and food security.
With one-fifth of Africans at risk of hunger and the continent a net food importer, the crisis needs to be addressed through an international strategy that addresses the root causes of poverty, said Mr. it.
Solutions include the implementation of sustainable food and farming systems that meet the needs of people in food-importing African countries whose products must be allowed to become part of the supply chain. globally without hindrance.
Mr. Selim asked Egypt to assist in creating an international hub in the country, for grain storage, supply and trade, in order to ensure global food security.
Developing countries ‘most deserving of our support’
Revolving around the climate crisis, Mr. Selim noted that Egypt will assume the presidency of the United Nations Climate Conference COP27, which will be held in the resort town of Sharm El-Sheikh this November.
He called on all members of the international community to fulfill their commitments and pledge to assist developing countries, in response to the devastating effects of the emergency. “They are the ones who most deserve our support,” he said.
The Minister hoped that the Conference would achieve results that contribute to reducing emissions and strengthen commitments on reduction, adaptation and loss and damage reduction. He reminded the audience that adaptation finance needs to be doubled, that the $100 billion promised in annual climate finance must be properly delivered, and that there must be a moderate transition to energy. renewable quantity.
The implementation of the 2015 Paris climate accord will demonstrate that climate action remains an important priority in the global context, despite the challenges facing the world, Mr. Selim said.
Nile ‘always a part of Egypt’s history’
Regarding water security, Mr. Selim described this issue as one of the challenges, especially for Middle East and African countries. Many of these countries, he explained, are arid and arid, but humans suffer the severe consequences of a lack of water, which, he says, is often due to a lack of respect for international law, with some countries being independent. water resource rights, to the detriment of nations. downstream.
Regarding the Nile, Mr. Selima stated that, while Egypt recognizes the Ethiopian’s right to development, this will never mean that the country will never let the Egyptian people’s right to develop. with river water. part of the history of Egypt.
The minister said a legally binding agreement must be reached regarding the operation of the Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam, in line with the agreement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in 2015 and 2021. Security Council Resolution. He called on all three States to respect their obligations in deeds, not words.